Roanoke va obituaries recent oakey's. Priscilla P. Jones, 78, of Roanoke, Virginia, went home to be with the Lord on Tuesday, December 21, 2021 after a long battle with Alzheimer's disease. She is preceded in death by her parents, Bruce and Lucille Meador. She is survived by her son, Randy Jones and wife, Julie; daughter, Kim Gilkeson and husband, Chris; grandchildren, Courtney ...

A lifelong Methodist, Peyton was a member of the former Southview United Methodist Church, now known as Genesis Church. (UMC) Visitation will be on Tuesday, September 19, 2023 from 4 to 8pm at Oakey's North Chapel. Funeral services will be held Wednesday, September 20, 2023 at 10am at Genesis Church, 3539 Peters Creek Rd.

Roanoke va obituaries recent oakey's. View Tribute Book. Milton Lanier Woodrum, 80, died on September 8, 2022, at home in Roanoke following a brief illness. Lanier was born in Quantico Va on the Marine base in 1942, the son of Clifton Alexander Woodrum Jr. and Margaret Lanier Woodrum Chambers, both of whom predeceased him. He is survived by his wife of 42 years, Beverly Tretter ...

Arrangements by Oakey's Funeral Service - South Chapel, Roanoke, VA (540) 989-3131. Published by Roanoke Times on Nov. 22, 2023. 34465541-95D0-45B0-BEEB-B9E0361A315A

Find the obituary of Audrey King (1936 - 2024) from Roanoke, VA. Leave your condolences to the family on this memorial page or send flowers to show you care. ... Recent obituaries; Memorials; Receive obituaries and memorials; ... Oakey's Roanoke Chapel 318 Church Ave SW, Roanoke, VA 24016 Wed. Mar 20.Michael was predeceased by his father, Carroll D. Wilson Jr. The family wishes to thank Innovative Community Solutions, Inc. for their never-ending support and care for Michael since 1985. Funeral Services will be held at 10 a.m. on Monday, April 17, 2023, at Oakey's South Chapel. Burial will follow at Sherwood Memorial Park.

Oakey's is a family-run and locally-owned funeral home with locations throughout the Roanoke Valley. View all obituaries, subscribe to notifications, and learn about their services and facilities.Obituary. Please share your favorite memory of Donald to be included in a special keepsake book for the family. Donald Eugene Chappelear passed away on Monday, April 17, 2023, in Roanoke, Va. He had just celebrated his 67th birthday and was overwhelmed by the outpouring of birthday wishes through cards, candy, and flowers.A lifelong Methodist, Peyton was a member of the former Southview United Methodist Church, now known as Genesis Church. (UMC) Visitation will be on Tuesday, September 19, 2023 from 4 to 8pm at Oakey's North Chapel. Funeral services will be held Wednesday, September 20, 2023 at 10am at Genesis Church, 3539 Peters Creek Rd.Arrangements by Oakey's Funeral Service - North Chapel, Roanoke, VA (540) 362-1237. Published by Roanoke Times on Dec. 10, 2023. 34465541-95D0-45B0-BEEB-B9E0361A315AArrangements by Oakey's Funeral Service - North Chapel, Roanoke, VA (540) 362-1237. Published by Roanoke Times on Nov. 28, 2023. 34465541-95D0-45B0-BEEB-B9E0361A315AIt may sound morbid, but writing your own obituary and considering the way you want to be remembered by your friends and loved ones is an excellent way to get perspective on what y...Leave a message of condolence while browsing through obituaries and death notices for current and past services being held at our funeral home. ... 305 Roanoke Boulevard . …View Tribute Book. Randall Lonnie Pizzino, 76, of Roanoke, Va., died after a brief illness from a stroke. Born in Glen Fork, WV, in 1947, he graduated from Piedmont Bible College in 1970 with a bachelor’s degree in theology. During college he met the love of his life, Julia Alice Rhoades, and they married in 1968.Bonnie B. Thompson, age 84, passed away peacefully on Friday, April 14, 2023, after living a wonderful and fulfilling life. She is survived by sons Clayton W. Thompson and Timothy K. Thompson; sisters, Verna L. Powell and Carolyn B. Surbaugh; niece Melissa Glidden, nephew, Kenneth Surbaugh, their spouses and children; honorary granddaughter ...2622 Obituaries. Search obituaries and death notices from Salem, Virginia, brought to you by Echovita.com. Discover detailed obituaries, access complete funeral service information, and express your feelings by leaving condolence messages. You can also send flowers or thoughtful gifts to commemorate your loved ones.

Family, friends, and others whose lives Kevin touched are invited to a Visitation at Oakey's North Chapel, 6732 Peters Creek Rd, Roanoke, from 4pm - 8pm on Friday, January 6, 2023 to reminisce, grieve, support each other and of course, just chat. The Funeral will be held at a later date and will be private.View Tribute Book. Thomas "Tom" Joseph Harvey of Roanoke, Virginia, died on Saturday, September 17, 2022, at the age of 89. Born on March 13, 1933, in Monongahela, PA, he was the beloved son of Edward and Ellen (Higgins) Harvey. He was predeceased by his siblings, Rev. William Harvey, Margaret Harvey, Rev. John Harvey, and Charles Harvey.Please call us at 540-. We are available 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Oakey's Funeral Service's downtown or Roanoke funeral home sits at 318 West Church Avenue. It was built in 1937 and is a beautiful architectural feature in downtown Roanoke, Virginia. It can seat 400 people.Arrangements handled by Oakey's Roanoke Chapel, Roanoke, VA (540) 982-2100. ... Obituaries, grief & privacy: Legacy's news editor on NPR podcast ... Recent deaths in the news. Olga Fikotová ...

View Tribute Book. Carolyn Ayers Victorine, age 85, passed away peacefully on December 12, 2022. She was born to the late Ernest and Lois Breeden Ayers, May 10, 1937, in Roanoke, Virginia. She was married to the late Harry Victorine. Carolyn is survived by her children, C. Michael Finfgeld, of Midlothian, Virginia and Martha Wilson, …

Kathy Patterson. July 10, 1970 - April 29, 2024. Kathy Patterson,age 53 of Dublin, died Monday, April 29, 2024 at Pulaski Health and Rehabilitation Center. Arrangements are pending with Seagle Funeral Home, Pulaski. www.seaglefuneralhome.com 540-980-1700.

Arrangements by Oakey's Funeral Service - North Chapel, Roanoke, VA (540) 362-1237. Published by Roanoke Times on Oct. 27, 2023. 34465541-95D0-45B0-BEEB-B9E0361A315AView Tribute Book. Douglas William Heptinstall, 78, of Roanoke, Va., also known as "The Bone," went to be with the Lord on Friday, August 18, 2023. He leaves behind his wife of 58 years, Betty; his two sons, Bobby and Richard; and four grandchildren whom he dearly loved, Parker, Brooke, Ty, and Kaela. He will be missed by many and loved by all.What is a sky burial? Read about sky burials and ritual dissections at HowStuffWorks. Advertisement The birds are already circling as the man lays the dead woman out on the stones....Sonja Christopher (1937-2024), original Survivor contestant. Marla Adams (1938-2024), longtime Young and the Restless star. Bob Cole (1933-2024), Hall of Fame hockey broadcaster. Olga ...

Arrangements by Oakey's Funeral Service - South Chapel, Roanoke, VA (540) 989-3131. Published by Roanoke Times from Dec. 16 to Dec. 17, 2023. 34465541-95D0-45B0-BEEB-B9E0361A315AView Tribute Book. Bradley Wayne Overfelt December 18, 1981 - December 30, 2023. Brad Overfelt, 42, of Roanoke, VA passed away on December 30, 2023. Brad was preceded in death by his grandparents David and Mary Frances Overfelt; Larry and Marie Bryant. Brad is survived by his mother and father, Sharon Bryant and Reggie Overfelt; brother, Adam ...Obituary. Please share your favorite memory of David to be included in a special keepsake book for the family. David Adam McKelvey passed away in his sleep on November 5, 2023. He was born September 16, 1982, in Roanoke, VA, grew up in Bedford County, VA and settled in Troutville, VA. He leaves behind his wife of 15 years, Jacqueline Tweedy ...Priscilla P. Jones, 78, of Roanoke, Virginia, went home to be with the Lord on Tuesday, December 21, 2021 after a long battle with Alzheimer’s disease. She is preceded in death by her parents, Bruce and Lucille Meador. She is survived by her son, Randy Jones and wife, Julie; daughter, Kim Gilkeson and husband, Chris; grandchildren, Courtney ...Priscilla P. Jones, 78, of Roanoke, Virginia, went home to be with the Lord on Tuesday, December 21, 2021 after a long battle with Alzheimer’s disease. She is preceded in death by her parents, Bruce and Lucille Meador. She is survived by her son, Randy Jones and wife, Julie; daughter, Kim Gilkeson and husband, Chris; grandchildren, Courtney ...Click here to view this image from roanoke.com. ... Sign up to get the most recent local obituaries delivered to your inbox. ... Oakey's Vinton Chapel. Sep 29, 2014 Sep 29, 2014 ...The family has requested memorials be made to Angels of Assisi, 145 Campbell Avenue SW, Roanoke, VA 24016. Arrangements by Oakey's Funeral Service - South Chapel, Roanoke, VA (540) 989-3131. To plant a beautiful memorial tree in memory of Kevin "West" Bowers, please visit our tree store.View Tribute Book. John Michael Flannagan Jr., 42 of Roanoke, VA. Passed away on Saturday August 5, 2023 after suffering cardiac arrest at home. John was a father of three sons, an uncle, a brother, a son, a lover of life, and an explorer. He never met a stranger and there was always a story to tell, a smile to be had and a new friend to make.DONALD GENE BRYANT DEC. 18, 1934 - DEC. 26, 2023. Donald G. Bryant, 89, of Roanoke, left this life to begin his new life with Christ on Tuesday, December 26, 2023. Don was born in the house his Dad built in 1930 in Roanoke County. He and Mary, his wife, were living in that same house at the time of his passing.Obituary. Please share your favorite memory of Donald to be included in a special keepsake book for the family. Donald Eugene Chappelear passed away on Monday, April 17, 2023, in Roanoke, Va. He had just celebrated his 67th birthday and was overwhelmed by the outpouring of birthday wishes through cards, candy, and flowers.Arrangements handled by Oakey's Roanoke Chapel, Roanoke, VA (540) 982-2100. ... Obituaries, grief & privacy: Legacy’s news editor on NPR podcast ... Recent deaths in the news. Olga Fikotová ...View Tribute Book. Richard (Rick) Calvin Schilling, 72, of Roanoke, Virginia, died on May 3, 2023. Rick was born on July 17, 1950, to Calvin and BeBe Schilling. He is survived by his wife of nearly 46 years, Barbara Renick Schilling; son and daughter-in-law, Ryan and Stephanie Schilling; grandchildren, Carter and Carroll Schilling; brother Roy ...Obituary. Please share your favorite memory of David to be included in a special keepsake book for the family. David Adam McKelvey passed away in his sleep on November 5, 2023. He was born September 16, 1982, in Roanoke, VA, grew up in Bedford County, VA and settled in Troutville, VA. He leaves behind his wife of 15 years, Jacqueline Tweedy ...View Tribute Book. Leanne Burnop Fisher, 48, of Roanoke, Virginia, passed away peacefully at her home surrounded by her family November 15, 2023. She is survived by her husband, of 22 years, David, her three children Emily, Ryleigh, and Russell. Parents, Ron and Charlene Burnop of Marion VA, brother Scott Burnop and wife Angi of Marion, VA.The family will receive friends from 5 until 8 p.m. on Monday, August 29, 2022 at Oakey’s South Chapel. In lieu of flowers, donations may be made to the Roanoke Valley SPCA, 1340 Baldwin Ave, NE, Roanoke VA 24012. To plant a beautiful memorial tree in memory of Robert Weeks, please visit our tree store.Browse Roanoke Times obituaries, conduct other obituary searches, offer condolences/tributes, send flowers or create an online memorial.Find the obituary of Virginia Whitlow (1938 - 2023) from Roanoke, VA. Leave your condolences to the family on this memorial page or send flowers to show you care. ... Recent obituaries; Memorials; Receive obituaries and memorials; ... Oakey's South Chapel 4257 Brambleton Ave, Cave Spring, VA 24018Please call us at 540-. We are available 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Oakey's Funeral Service's downtown or Roanoke funeral home sits at 318 West Church Avenue. It was built in 1937 and is a beautiful architectural feature in downtown Roanoke, Virginia. It can seat 400 people.Browse the most recent Salem, Virginia obituaries and condolences. Celebrate and remember the lives we have lost in Salem, Virginia. ... John M. Oakey & Son Funeral Home and Crematory. 305 Roanoke Boulevard, Salem, VA, 24153. Lotz Funeral Home. 1330 East Main Street, Salem, VA, 24153.

Local obituaries for Vinton, Virginia. 528 Obituaries. Publish Date. Result Type. ... Roanoke Times Martinsville Bulletin The Carroll News The ... Oakey’s Vinton Chapel. Lotz Funeral Home ...Please share your favorite memory of Peter to be included in a special keepsake book for the family. Mike McKenna, 53, of Roanoke, Virginia, passed away on Wednesday, October 13, 2021, surrounded by family at Roanoke Memorial Hospital. Mike was born on June 5, 1968, to Pete and Jean McKenna at St. Barnabas Hospital in Livingston, New Jersey and ...August 28, 1936-December 14, 2023. Nancy Spickard Clarke, age 87, of Roanoke went to be with the Lord on Thursday, December 14, 2023. Nancy was born August 28, 1936 in Blue Ridge, Va. She was the daughter of the late Ester Thompson Spickard and Elmer C. Spickard, Sr. Nancy is survived by her husband of 62 years Ellsworth Clarke;daughter: …Connie Slough Crowder Obituary. With heavy hearts, we announce the death of Connie Slough Crowder of Roanoke, Virginia, who passed away on January 11, 2024 at the age of 81. Family and friends are welcome to leave their condolences on this memorial page and share them with the family.View Tribute Book. Teresa Carole Moser Street, 81, of Salem, Virginia, passed away on Monday, November 20, 2023. She was a native of Hickory, North Carolina and spent the last thirty-five years of her life with her husband, Dick, in Salem. Teresa was a graduate of Hickory High School and Concordia Teachers College in River Forest, Illinois.Family, friends, and others whose lives Kevin touched are invited to a Visitation at Oakey's North Chapel, 6732 Peters Creek Rd, Roanoke, from 4pm – 8pm on Friday, January 6, 2023 to reminisce, grieve, support each other and of course, just chat. The Funeral will be held at a later date and will be private.Browse the most recent Salem, Virginia obituaries and condolences. Celebrate and remember the lives we have lost in Salem, Virginia. ... John M. Oakey & Son Funeral Home and Crematory. 305 Roanoke Boulevard, Salem, VA, 24153. Lotz Funeral Home. 1330 East Main Street, Salem, VA, 24153.Arrangements by Oakey's Funeral Service - North Chapel, Roanoke, VA (540) 362-1237. Published by Roanoke Times on Nov. 28, 2023. 34465541-95D0-45B0-BEEB-B9E0361A315A

Dr. Cory Wayne Sayers was called to be with Our Lord on the morning of Friday, December 31, 2021. He was greeted in heaven by his father Jerry, his step-brother Joel, and many other cherished relatives who had preceded him. Cory was twenty-eight years old and a resident of Roanoke County, Virginia.Charles Franklin Kurtz passed away peacefully on Tuesday, January 30, 2024, in Roanoke, after 90 amazing years on this earth. He was a lifelong educator, but more than anything he was a husband, father, grandfather, and great grandfather. After earning degrees from Bridgewater College and The University of Virginia, he started …It may sound morbid, but writing your own obituary and considering the way you want to be remembered by your friends and loved ones is an excellent way to get perspective on what y...Find the obituary of Chester McCoy (1946 - 2024) from Roanoke, VA. Leave your condolences to the family on this memorial page or send flowers to show you care. ... Recent obituaries; Memorials; Receive obituaries and memorials; ... Oakey's Vinton Chapel 627 Hardy Rd, Vinton, VA 24179 Fri. Mar 08.Get ratings and reviews for the top 12 gutter guard companies in Roanoke, VA. Helping you find the best gutter guard companies for the job. Expert Advice On Improving Your Home All...Service, on May 22, 2023 at 2:00 p.m., at Oakey's Roanoke Chapel, 318 W. Church Ave SW, Roanoke, VA. Legacy invites you to offer condolences and share memories of Brenda in the Guest Book below.Read Oakey’s Roanoke Chapel obituaries, find service information, send sympathy gifts, or plan and price a funeral in Roanoke, VA.View Tribute Book. John Wesley Moticha, Jr. 83, of Roanoke passed away at home on Thursday, September 21, 2023. He was born on August 1, 1940 in Pocahontas, Virginia to the late John Wesley and Emily Jeanette Ratcliffe Moticha. He graduated from Jefferson High School and Roanoke College.Arrangements by Oakey's Funeral Service – East Chapel, Roanoke, VA (540) 977-3909. Published by Roanoke Times on Feb. 4, 2024. 34465541-95D0-45B0-BEEB-B9E0361A315AService. Friday, March 03 2023. 03:33 PM. Oakey's Roanoke Chapel. 318 W. Church Ave SW. Roanoke, VA 24016. Get Directions. View Map Text Email. May 8, 1948 - December 7, 2022, David Edward Quick passed away on December 7, 2022 in Roanoke, Virginia.Michael was predeceased by his father, Carroll D. Wilson Jr. The family wishes to thank Innovative Community Solutions, Inc. for their never-ending support and care for Michael since 1985. Funeral Services will be held at 10 a.m. on Monday, April 17, 2023, at Oakey's South Chapel. Burial will follow at Sherwood Memorial Park.Service, on May 22, 2023 at 2:00 p.m., at Oakey's Roanoke Chapel, 318 W. Church Ave SW, Roanoke, VA. Legacy invites you to offer condolences and share memories of Brenda in the Guest Book below.A Memorial Gathering to celebrate her life will be held at Oakey's North Chapel on Sunday, August 6th, 2023 from 5:00 p.m. until 8:00 p.m. Arrangements by Oakey's North Chapel (540) 362-1237 Read Less To plant a beautiful memorial tree in memory of Audrey Riley (Brusseau), please visit our tree store .View Tribute Book. Donna Waid Breedlove, 70, of Roanoke, Virginia passed away on Wednesday, November 8, 2023 after courageously battling many health issues. She was born on September 8, 1953 to James and Shirley Morris Waid, and spent her childhood in the Roanoke Valley. Donna was a self-employed business owner who ran her own cleaning service.Find the obituary of Janie Layman (1948 - 2023) from Roanoke, VA. Leave your condolences to the family on this memorial page or send flowers to show you care. ... Recent obituaries; Memorials; Receive obituaries and memorials; ... Oakey's East Chapel 5188 Cloverdale Rd, Roanoke, VA 24019 Fri. Nov 03.View Tribute Book. Michael Ray Graham Jr., 60, of Roanoke, VA, went to be with the Lord on January 24, 2024, after a long illness. "Mike," or "Mickey," as he was affectionately known by friends and family, was preceded in death by his mother Elizabeth A. Lam, his Stepfather Douglas F. Lam, and his best friend and companion, Cheryl Milton.The cost of a funeral depends on a variety of factors, including the city where the funeral will be taking place and the individual funeral home's pricing policies. Cremation can c...Recent Obituaries in Roanoke. 12/01/2023. Sylvia Laura Barringer. Oakey's Roanoke Chapel. 11/26/2023. Helen Ruth Pannell. Oakey's Roanoke Chapel. 11/26/2023. Frances Evelyn Murrie.

Obituary. Please share your favorite memory of Brian to be included in a special keepsake book for the family. Brian Elvin Wray, 47, of Blue Ridge Virginia went to be with the Lord after a long, courageous battle with cancer on October 22,2023. He was born in Virginia in 1976, to parents Larry Wray and Renee Holdren.

Arrangements by Oakey's Funeral Service, Downtown Chapel, Roanoke (540) 982-2100. Published by Roanoke Times on Feb. 18, 2024. 34465541-95D0-45B0-BEEB-B9E0361A315A

Arrangements by Oakey's Funeral Service - East Chapel, Roanoke, VA (540) 977-3909. Published by Roanoke Times on Feb. 4, 2024. 34465541-95D0-45B0-BEEB-B9E0361A315ACelebrate the life of Virginia Boitnott (1930-2024) from Roanoke, VA. Read his obituary, share memories, and express condolences. ... Recent obituaries; Memorials; Receive obituaries and memorials; ... May 3rd 2024 from 6:00 PM to 8:00 PM at the Oakey's South Chapel (4257 Brambleton Ave, Cave Spring, VA 24018). A funeral service will be held on ...Charles Franklin Kurtz passed away peacefully on Tuesday, January 30, 2024, in Roanoke, after 90 amazing years on this earth. He was a lifelong educator, but more than anything he was a husband, father, grandfather, and great grandfather. After earning degrees from Bridgewater College and The University of Virginia, he started …4257 Brambleton Ave. Roanoke, VA 24018. Phone: 540-989-3131. Email: [email protected] [email protected]. Lee Weaver, Manager. Take a tour or Oakey's Funeral Service and Crematory's South Chapel. Oakeys Funeral Service & Crematory's South Chapel Renovations 2023. Watch on.View Tribute Book. James Alva King, Jr. "Jim," 89, of Roanoke County passed away on August 5, 2022. He is preceded in death by his wife of 59 years, the late Sara Spigle King, his son, Benjamin Moyer King, and his sister, Jalene King Buck. Mr. King was born on April 26, 1933 in Boones Mill, VA to the late James Alva King and Lois …Obituary. Please share your favorite memory of Alvin to be included in a special keepsake book for the family. Alvin Wesley "Pat" Kagey, 88, of Fincastle, Virginia departed a life he loved dearly on Thursday, March 16, 2023, following a brief illness. He was surrounded by Barbara, his cherished wife of 30 years, and his two daughters, Carol ...View Tribute Book. Peggy Ellen Roberts, 83, of Roanoke passed away on Monday, January 15, 2024. She loved to read and enjoyed her time at the beach. Peggy never met a stranger and was a very social person. She was preceded in death by her mother, Lenore Mozelle (Moe) Albert and her husband, James H. Albert, Jr.; brother-in-law, Edward Harless.It may sound morbid, but writing your own obituary and considering the way you want to be remembered by your friends and loved ones is an excellent way to get perspective on what y...

dollar tree sockserie traffickroger weekly ad shreveport lahendersonville tn tornado rating Roanoke va obituaries recent oakey's botox commercial actress 2022 [email protected] & Mobile Support 1-888-750-4153 Domestic Sales 1-800-221-3681 International Sales 1-800-241-6844 Packages 1-800-800-8897 Representatives 1-800-323-8104 Assistance 1-404-209-4144. Arrangements by Oakey's Funeral Service, Downtown Chapel, Roanoke (540) 982-2100. Published by Roanoke Times on Feb. 7, 2024. 34465541-95D0-45B0-BEEB-B9E0361A315A. hawi restaurants Click here to view this image from roanoke.com. ... Sign up to get the most recent local obituaries delivered to your inbox. ... Oakey's North Chapel. Nov 3, 2014 Nov 3, 2014 ...ROANOKE, Va., Dec. 20, 2021 /PRNewswire/ -- Optical Cable Corporation (Nasdaq GM: OCC) ('OCC®' or the 'Company') today announced financial results... ROANOKE, Va., Dec. 20, 2021 /P... leander isd bus scheduledestro warlock wotlk talents Sep 1, 2023 · It is with deep sorrow that we announce the death of Joe Martin of Roanoke, Virginia, who passed away on August 29, 2023, at the age of 83, leaving to mourn family and friends. You can send your sympathy in the guestbook provided and share it with the family. He was predeceased by : his parents, L. C. Martin and Mae Martin; his wife Sandra Jean ... jag one south aveflare gun shells New Customers Can Take an Extra 30% off. There are a wide variety of options. John Joseph Peake, 29, of New Bern, North Carolina passed away on Thursday, December 22, 2022. John was born in Roanoke, Virginia on February 17, 1993, to Nancy Beauchamp Peake and Walter Herbert Peake III, and his older sisters, Meredith Catherine Peake and Kathleen Elizabeth (Peake) Bales. After graduating from Patrick Henry High School in ...roanoke | north | vinton | south | east | the cremation tribute center {at oakey's south chapel} Please call us at 540- 982-2100 . We are available 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.Bonnie Carol Hodge 11/22/1943 to 11/09/2023. On November 9th, Bonnie Carol Hodge, 79, passed away peacefully surrounded by family. Bonnie was the cherished wife of Robert "Bob" M. Hodge Jr., they were married for 64 happy years. Bonnie was a loving mother to Mark Lane Hodge (Tracy) and Dena Hodge White (Jeff).